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This trade assumes that the underlying stock will NOT move down more than 42% in the next month.  If these trades are done together (as I am illustrating) it is an INCREASED risk position.  This is a Bull Put Spread (Credit Spread)

Position:

Buy QIUUA September 5 Put for          $0.35

Sell QIUUU September 7.5 Put for      $1.20

Net                                                                    $0.85

Break even for this position is OSIR trades for $6.65 ($7.50 – $0.85) on expiration.  Today OSIR is trading for $11.75.  This would be a decline of $5.10 in the next month, or 43%.  Possible, but not likely.

Maximum Loss would be $1.65/share (+ trading costs) OSIR – $5.00 or less.

Maximum Gain would be $0.85/share (- trading costs) OSIR – $7.50 or higher. 

Assuming $.15/share trading costs the gain would be $0.70 ($0.85- $.15) for a return of 28% ($0.70/$2.50) in one month, or 336% APR.

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This trade was posted January 27, 2009.

Diagonal Spread Example:

Sell GGBBU            Feb 2009    7.5 Call            $0.35

Buy KDMAZ            Jan 2010   2.5 Call             $4.40

 

Net Cost                      $4.05(+Trading Costs)

 

Maximum Loss            $4.05(+Trading Costs)

 

GGB is trading for        $6.54 at the close on Tuesday 01/27/09

———————————————————————————————-

GGB is now trading for $4.85 on Tuesday 03/17/09.

Sell GGBDA          April 2009     $5 Call          $0.40

The KDMAZ (Jan 2010 2.5 Call) is now trading for $2.65.

 

Net Cost                       $3.65(+Trading Costs)

 

Maximum Loss is now   $3.65(+Trading Costs)

 

If this option is exercised we will have a loss of $1.15 (+ Trading Costs) on this Trade Idea, if this option expires we will look at the next trade.  For this trade, we have had the worst scenario for a Diagonal Spread, which is the underlying stock (GBB) has declined dramatically (almost 26%).  If GGB stays below, but near, $5 we should be able to salvage this trade, provided it’s fall does not continue.

————————————————————————————————————————– GGB is now trading for $5.06 on Friday 03/20/09

 

Buy the GGBDA         April 2009        $5 Call                 $0.10

 

Maximum Loss is now     $3.75 (+Trading Costs)

————————————————————————————————————————–

GGB is now trading for $6.88 at the close on Wednesday 04/22/09

 

Sell the GGBFU           June 2009         $7.50 Call            $0.45

 

Maximum Loss is now     $3.30 (+Trading Costs)

If this option is exercised we will have a gain of $1.70 ($7.50 Call sold exercise – $2.50 Call bought exercise – $4.40 Call cost + $0.35 Call sold expired + $0.40 Call sold – $0.10 Call bought back + $0.45 Call sold that was exercised).  This would produce a return of 42% ($1.70/$4.05) in 6 months not including trading costs.  Assuming $0.15/trade/per share (which is conservative), 4 trades = $0.60 trading costs, the return is $1.10 or 26% in 6 months.  We are still hoping that GGB does not trade above $7.50, yet and, we will be able to sell more options from now until January.

 

 

 

Vertical Spread Example (Credit Spread): 

 

Sell SLVSM            July 2009    $13 Put             $1.20

Buy SLVSL            July 2009     $12 Put             $0.80

 

Net Premium               $0.40 (-Trading Costs)

 

Maximum Loss            $0.60 ($1 difference in strikes – $0.40 premium received) (+Trading Costs)

 

Maximum Gain            $0.40 (-Trading Costs)

 

SLV is trading for        $13.61 at the close on Friday 03/20/09

The basic options spread involves the purchase of one option and the sale of a corresponding option.  Spreads can be done with either calls or puts.  Spreads can work very well by limiting the risk involved, however, they also limit the upside.  Spreads can be a very cost effective way to profit from the stock market, while at the same time limiting the risk.

Spreads have many names, but do not let that scare you.  As I said before, half of understanding anything is learning the “language”.  I will attempt to explain them in plain English.

The first Spread that I will explain is the Vertical Spread.

The Vertical Spread consist of buying a Call (or Put) and selling a Call (or Put) with the SAME expiration month, but with DIFFERENT strike prices.  That’s it.  Not very difficult.  This position will have a LIMITED loss potential, as well as, a LIMITED gain potential.  In other words, when you enter the trade you will KNOW the maximum gain and the maximum loss that can occur. 

Sometimes, you will hear of a Credit Spread or a Debit Spread.  A Credit Spread means that you will receive a positive inflow into your account (a credit) when you open the trade.  A Debit Spread means that you will pay (a debit) when you open the trade.

There are essentially four different Vertical Spreads that one can enter, they are:

          1)  The Bull Call Spread

          2)  The Bear Call Spread

          3)  The Bear Put Spread

          4)  The Bull Put Spread

next up – a discussion of the Bull Call Spread

This trade was posted January 27, 2009.

Diagonal Spread Example:

Sell GGBBU            Feb 2009    7.5 Call            $0.35

Buy KDMAZ            Jan 2010   2.5 Call             $4.40

 

Net Cost                      $4.05(+Trading Costs)

 

Maximum Loss            $4.05(+Trading Costs)

 

GGB is trading for        $6.54 at the close on Tuesday 01/27/09

———————————————————————————————-

GGB is now trading for $4.85 on Tuesday 03/17/09.

 

 

Sell GGBDA          April 2009     $5 Call          $0.40

 

The KDMAZ (Jan 2010 2.5 Call) is now trading for $2.65.

 

Net Cost                       $3.65(+Trading Costs)

 

Maximum Loss is now   $3.65(+Trading Costs)

 

If this option is exercised we will have a loss of $1.15 (+ Trading Costs) on this Trade Idea, if this option expires we will look at the next trade.  For this trade, we have had the worst scenario for a Diagonal Spread, which is the underlying stock (GBB) has declined dramatically (almost 26%).  If GGB stays below, but near, $5 we should be able to salvage this trade, provided it’s fall does not continue.